- Sep 21, 2018 -
On the 15th of the lunar calendar every year, it is a traditional Mid-Autumn Festival. This is the middle of the fall, so it is called the Mid-Autumn Festival. In the Chinese lunar calendar, the year is divided into four seasons, each season is divided into three parts: Meng, Zhong and Ji, so the Mid-Autumn Festival is also called Zhongqiu. The moon on August 15 is more round and brighter than the full moons of other months, so it is also called "Moonlight" and "August Festival". This night, people look up to the sky like a jade, and naturally expect family reunion. The wanderer far away from home is also relying on his own thoughts about his hometown and his loved ones. Therefore, the Mid-Autumn Festival is also known as the "Reunion Festival."
In ancient times, the people of our country had the custom of "autumn, moon and moon". The eve of the moon, that is, worship the moon god. In the Zhou Dynasty, the Mid-Autumn Festival will be held for the cold and the moon. Set up a large incense case, put on moon cakes, watermelon, apples, red dates, plums, grapes and other sacrifices, of which moon cakes and watermelons are absolutely indispensable. Watermelon is also cut into lotus. In the moon, the moon god image is placed in the direction of the moon, the red candle is burning, the whole family worships the moon in turn, and then the housewife cuts the reunion moon cake. The person who cuts in advance counts how many people in the whole family, at home, in the field, must be counted together, can not cut more and can not cut, the size must be the same.
According to legend, the ancient Ugly ugly woman had no salt. When she was a child, she used to worship the moon. When she grew up, she entered the palace with superb character, but she was not favored. On the 15th of August in a certain year, the emperor saw her in the moonlight. She felt that she was beautiful and stood up. She later made her a queen, and the Mid-Autumn Festival came from the moon. In the middle of the month, it is famous for its beauty. Therefore, the girl worships the moon and wishes to "seek like a sly face."
In the Tang Dynasty, the Mid-Autumn Festival and the Moon were quite popular. In the Northern Song Dynasty Jingshi. On the 15th and 15th nights, people from all over the city, regardless of the rich and the poor, must wear adult clothes, burn incense and say their wishes to the moon, and pray for the blessing of the moon god. In the Southern Song Dynasty, folks gave gifts with moon cakes and took the meaning of reunion. In some places, there are activities such as dancing grass dragons and building pagodas. Since the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the customs of the Mid-Autumn Festival have become more prevalent; in many places, special customs such as burning incense, tree Mid-Autumn Festival, point tower lights, sky lanterns, moon walking, and dancing dragons have been formed.
Today, the custom of playing in the lower reaches of the month is far from prevailing. However, the banquet month is still very popular. People ask the moon to celebrate the beautiful life, or wish the distant relatives to be healthy and happy, and the family is "a thousand miles together."
The Mid-Autumn Festival has many customs and different forms, but it is all about people's infinite love for life and yearning for a better life.